How to Check DPI and Resolution of an Image [2024 Guide]

| | February 14, 2024

DPI (dots per inch) and resolution are two critical aspects that determine the quality of an image. 

DPI refers to the number of dots or pixels in a printed inch, while resolution measures the total number of pixels in an image

Understanding these concepts is essential for anyone working with images, as they directly impact the clarity and detail of the final result.

By checking the DPI and resolution of an image, you can ensure optimal quality and make any necessary adjustments to enhance the visuals.

In this blog article, we will learn:

  • How to find out DPI of an image, and
  • How to check resolution of an image

Let's get started.

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Check DPI and Resolution of an image

What is DPI of an Image?

DPI stands for dots per inch. It refers to the number of dots or pixels that are printed within an inch on a physical medium, such as paper or canvas.

The higher the DPI, the greater the level of detail and sharpness in the printed image. A higher DPI produces a smoother and more detailed result, while a lower DPI may lead to pixelation or blurriness.

Checking the DPI of an image is essential to ensure that it will be printed with optimal quality and clarity.

How DPI Affects Image Quality

The DPI (dots per inch) of an image directly affects its quality. A higher DPI means more ink dots are printed within each inch, resulting in a sharper and more detailed image.

Images with low DPI may appear pixelated or blurry when printed, as there aren't enough dots to accurately reproduce the fine details.

It's important to have a high enough DPI for printing purposes to ensure clear and crisp output.

Checking the DPI of an image ensures it meets the requirements for optimal print quality and avoids any potential loss of detail.

How to Check the DPI of an Image

To check the DPI of an image, you can follow these steps based on your operating system. First we will start with Windows followed by Mac OS.

Checking DPI on Windows

1st Method:

To check the DPI of an image on Windows, open the folder that contains the image file. Now, right-click on the image file and select "Properties."

In the Properties window, go to the "Details" tab.

Scroll down to find the Width and Height below which you will find the DPI value of the image.

The DPI of the image are listed under Horizontal resolution and Vertical resolution (see the below screenshot). 

This information helps ensure you have the necessary resolution for high-quality prints.

Check DPI

2nd Method:

To find the DPI of an image, first open the folder that contains your images. Now, click View at the top of the file explorer, and then click Details.

Now, right-click on any of these columns - Name, Date Modified, Type or Size. Click on More, and select Horizontal Resolution and Vertical Resolution.

After selecting the above resolutions, the DPI of all the images inside the folder can be seen. This is how you can find out the DPI of an image in Windows.

By checking the DPI on Windows, you can determine if the image meets your specific requirements and make any necessary adjustments for optimal image quality.

Checking DPI on Mac

To check the DPI of an image on a Mac, you need to use Preview, the default app.

Open Finder and navigate to the folder containing your images. 

Now, right-click or control-click the image file and select Open With, then click on Preview. A new Preview app window will open.

Now, go to Tools and click on Show Inspector (Or, you can also press CMD+I). A popup will appear that will contain the Image DPI that we want.

This is how we can find the DPI of an image in Mac OS.

What is Resolution of an Image?

Resolution refers to the number of pixels contained in an image, typically represented as width x height. It determines the level of detail and clarity that an image can display.

The resolution is typically measured in pixels per inch (PPI) or dots per inch (DPI). A higher resolution means more pixels are packed into a given area, resulting in a sharper and more detailed image.

Different devices and mediums have different recommended resolutions, such as 72 PPI for digital screens, 300 PPI for high-quality printed materials and 600-1200 PPI for professional printing.

 Understanding image resolution helps ensure that your images are suitable for their intended use and maintain optimal quality.

Common Image Resolutions

Common image resolutions refer to the standard dimensions or sizes at which images are commonly created or displayed.

Some common image resolutions include 640 x 480 pixels, 800 x 600 pixels, 1024 x 768 pixels, and 1920 x 1080 pixels (also known as Full HD). These resolutions are often used for different purposes such as web graphics, social media posts, presentations, or desktop wallpapers.

It is important to note that image resolution can be adjusted based on specific needs and requirements, ensuring optimal display and clarity for different devices and platforms.

How to Check the Resolution of an Image

To check the resolution of an image on Windows and Mac OS, follow the steps mentioned below.

Checking Resolution on Windows

To check the resolution of an image on Windows, right-click on the image file and select Properties.

In the Properties window, go to the Details tab and scroll down until you find the Image section. 

The dimensions listed next to Width and Height represent the resolution in pixels. This information can help you determine the quality and clarity of the image. 

By checking the resolution, you can ensure that your images will display correctly on various devices and maintain their intended appearance.

Checking Resolution on Mac

To check the resolution of an image on Mac operating system, you need to follow the steps mentioned below.

1. Using Finder's "Get Info" feature:

  • Right-click on the image file.
  • Select "Get Info" from the context menu.
  • Under the "More Info" tab, you'll find the dimensions of the image (width and height in pixels).
  • 2. Using the Preview app:

    • Open the image in Preview.
    • Go to Tools > Show Inspector (or press Command+I).
    • In the Inspector window, look for the Dimensions section, which will display the width and height in pixels.
    • If you need to know the DPI (Dots Per Inch), go to Tools > Adjust Size. The DPI will be displayed in the "Resolution" field.

    3. Using image editing software:

    If you have image editing software like Photoshop or GIMP installed:

    • Open the image in the software.
    • Look for options like "Image Size" or "Image Properties" to view the resolution details.

    Importance of DPI and Resolution in Image Quality

    The importance of DPI and resolution in image quality cannot be overstated.

    DPI determines the level of detail and sharpness in printed images, ensuring that they appear crisp and clear. 

    On the other hand, resolution determines the clarity and size of digital images, affecting their overall visual impact. 

    By checking both DPI and resolution, users can ensure that their images meet the required standards for print or digital applications, preventing issues like pixelation or blurriness. 

    Optimizing DPI and resolution is crucial for enhancing the viewing experience and ensuring optimal image quality in any context.

    Tips for Optimizing DPI and Resolution

    To optimize the DPI and resolution of an image, consider the following tips:

  • Capture or create high-resolution images: Start with images that have a higher resolution to ensure better quality when scaling or printing.
  • Understand your output requirements: Determine the desired print size or screen resolution to set the appropriate DPI and image dimensions.
  • Use photo editing software: Edit images in programs like Photoshop to adjust settings for resolution and DPI as needed.
  • Avoid excessive resizing: Minimize the need for resizing images, as this can lead to loss of quality and clarity.
  • Test prints before finalizing: Always test print your images to check if they meet your expectations in terms of sharpness and detail.
  • By following these tips, you can ensure optimal image quality for both digital and printed applications.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Q1. What is DPI?

    Answer. DPI stands for dots per inch, which refers to the number of ink dots a printer can produce per inch. It determines the level of detail and quality in printed images.

    Q2. What is Resolution?

    Answer. Resolution refers to the number of pixels or dots contained in an image. It determines the detail and sharpness of an image, with higher resolution indicating more pixels and better quality.

    Q3. What is the difference between DPI and resolution?

    Answer. DPI refers to the number of dots per inch in a printed image, while resolution is the total number of pixels in an image.

    Q4. How does DPI affect image quality?

    Answer. Higher DPI results in better image quality because it increases the level of detail and sharpness.

    Q5. Can I change the DPI of an existing image?

    Answer. Yes, you can change the DPI of an image using photo editing software, but it may not improve the actual resolution.

    Q6. Does changing the resolution affect print quality?

    Answer. Yes, changing the resolution can significantly impact print quality. Lower resolutions may result in pixelation and loss of detail.

    Q7. How does aspect ratio relate to resolution?

    Answer. Aspect ratio refers to the proportional relationship between an image's width and height, while resolution determines its overall size and clarity.

    Wrapping Up

    If you work with images extensively, understanding DPI and resolution is crucial for ensuring optimal image quality.

    By checking the DPI and resolution of an image, you can ensure it meets your specific needs for both print and digital applications.

    I hope that this article has helped you learn how to check dpi and resolution of an image in Windows, and Mac OS.

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    Deepak Choudhary

    Deepak Choudhary is the founder of Technicalwall.com. He is a Blogger and an Affiliate Marketing Expert. He publishes useful articles for newbie bloggers related to the following topics - Affiliate Marketing, Email Marketing, Software Reviews, Blogging, WordPress, SEO, Passive Income, and more.